1.42 – A lower form of samadhi, accompanied by reason and gross thought, may be mixed with imagined words, meanings, and knowledge about an object.

तत्र शब्दार्थज्ञानविकल्पैः संकीर्णा सवितर्का समापत्तिः ॥४२॥

tatra shabda artha jnana vikalpah sankirna savitarka samapattih

  • tatra – there; therein; in that
  • shabda – word; sound; name; voice; tone
  • artha – purpose; meaning; an object
  • jnana – knowledge; awareness
  • vikalpah – delusion; imagination; false notion; fancy
  • sankirna – mixed; poured together
  • savitarka – accompanied with reason or gross thought
  • samapattih – state of absorption or engrossment; coming together

In this state of samadhi, the vrittis are calm but not completely still. They are weak but still somewhat influential. Because of their interference, consciousness can not yet become fully absorbed in the object of meditation.

In that partially absorbed state, the reflection of an object comes back mixed with words, meanings, and knowledge associated with it. If the vrittis were fully neutralized, there would be a clear, intuitive apprehension of whatever is perceived.

The term for the partial state of absorption described in this sutra is “savitarka samadhi.” This is samadhi on a gross object while gross thoughts are still present.